The Female Romantics: Nineteenth-Century Women Novelists And Byronism (Routledge Studies In Romanticism)

  • Publish Date: 2014-11-12
  • Binding: Paperback
  • Author: Caroline Franklin
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Awarded the Elma Dangerfield Prize by the International Byron Society in 2013

The nineteenth century is sometimes seen as a lacuna between two literary periods. In terms of womens writing, however, the era between the death of Mary Wollstonecraft and the 1860s feminist movement produced a coherent body of major works, impelled by an ongoing dialogue between Enlightenment feminism and late Romanticism. This study focuses on the dynamic interaction between Lord Byron and Madame de Stal, Lady Morgan, Mary Shelley and Jane Austen, challenging previous critics segregation of the male Romantic writers from their female peers.

The Romantic movement in general unleashed the creative ambitions of nineteenth-century female novelists, and the public voice of Byron in particular engaged them in transnational issues of political, national and sexual freedom. Byronism had itself been shaped by the poets incursion onto a literary scene where women readers were dominant and formidable intellectuals such as Madame de Stal were lionized. Byron engaged in rivalrous dialogue with the novels of his female friends and contemporaries, such as Caroline Lamb, Mary Shelley and Jane Austen, whose critiques of Romantic egotism helped prompt his own self-parody in Don Juan. Later Victorian novelists, such as George Sand, the Bront sisters and Harriet Beecher Stowe, wove their rejection of their childhood attraction to Byronism, and their dawning awareness of the significance for women of Lady Byrons actions, into the feminist fabric of their art.

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